Grade aggregation

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(Redirected from 38/en/grade/aggregation)

The aggregation dropdown menu lets you choose the aggregation strategy that will be used to calculate each participant's overall grade for a grade category. The different options are explained below.

Aggregation strategy

The grades are first converted to percentage values (interval from 0 to 1), then aggregated using one of the strategies below and finally converted to the associated category item's range (between Minimum grade and Maximum grade). In what follows all Minimum grades are assumed to be 0.

Important: An empty grade is simply a missing gradebook entry, and could mean different things. For example, it could be a participant who hasn't yet submitted an assignment, an assignment submission not yet graded by the teacher, or a grade that has been manually deleted by the gradebook administrator. Caution in interpreting these "empty grades" is thus advised.


This is the sum of all grade values, scaled by weight. The Maximum grade of the category is the sum of the maximums of all aggregated items.

   A1 70/100, A2 20/80, A3 10/10, without forcing weights:
   (70 + 20 + 10)/(100 + 80 + 10) --> 100/190

Note: Scale grades are ignored.

When the "Natural" aggregation strategy is used, a grade item can act as Extra credit for the category. This means that the grade item's maximum grade will not be added to the category total's maximum grade, but the item's grade will. Following is an example:

  • Item 1 is graded 0-100
  • Item 2 is graded 0-75
  • Item 1 has the "Act as extra credit" checkbox ticked, Item 2 doesn't.
  • Both items belong to Category 1, which has "Natural" as its aggregation strategy
  • Category 1's total will be graded 0-75
  • A student gets graded 20 on Item 1 and 70 on Item 2
  • The student's total for Category 1 will be 75/75 (20+70 = 90 but Item 1 only acts as extra credit, so it brings the total to its maximum)

Natural aggregation functions as a sum of grades when the weight boxes are left alone. In this situation, the numbers in the weight boxes are informational and represent the effective weights in the sum. Natural aggregation can also function as a mean of grades, when the weight boxes are checked and then adjusted so that the weights are equal across a set of items in a category, or across a set of categories. Items can still be marked as "Extra credit" while using the weights to calculate a mean, and contribute to the total for the category.

Note: All other aggregation methods, such as Weighted Mean and Simple Weighted Mean, are being deprecated. It is strongly recommended to convert your gradebook to use the Natural aggregation.

Weighted mean

This aggregation method is no longer available.

Simple weighted mean

This aggregation method is no longer available.